PESTS

There are many different types of pests that can take over your home or commercial establishment and make your life miserable. The primary commercial pest is the German cockroach. They are a powerful pest and in order to face elimination, the entire building must participate in our extermination procedure to achieve 100% elimination.

Leakeas uses Max Force FC and the Roach Master 2000 Vacuum System for advanced pest control, today’s most talked about innovation for roach control in commercial buildings.

We are fully equipped to provide the successful removal of a vast array of household and commercial pests. Contact us if you have an infestation issue of any kind.

 

Cockroaches

American Cockroach (periplaneta Americana)

  • Adults average 1 ¼ to 2 1/8 inches in length
  • One of largest species to infest structures (also known as Water bugs or Palmetto bugs)
  • Found in Northern and southern climates; thrive outdoors in the south
  • Males wings extend beyond the abdomen; females wings do not
  • Prefer dark, moist areas near food sources and may enter structures through sewer pipes and floor drains
  • Seek harbor in voides, including masonry block voids, and may travel in areas above drop ceilings
  • Males can fly and are attracted to Artificial light

Australian Cockroach (Periplaneta australasiae)

  • Adults can grow up to 1/ ¼ inches long
  • Closely resembles American cockroach in size and color
  • Has pale yellow stripes at the base of wing pads and the margin of the protonum
  • Not commonly found indoors but will be found there when temperatures are high
  • Can be brought into accounts on indoor plants and may be found everywhere American cockroaches are active (except sewers)
  • Also infest greenhouses, zoos and commercial accounts where conditions are suitable

Brownbanded Cockroach (Supella longipalpa)

  • Adults average 5/8 of an inch in length
  • Similar in size and appearance to the german cockroach
  • Rather then longitudinal stripes found on the pronotum, they have two broad brown bands on their wings
  • Infest structures across the United States
  • Prefer warmer areas but may be found in any area within a structure
  • Not generally found in kitchen and bath areas, as can be expected with German Cockroaches
  • May be found in furniture, wall hangings, picture frames, light fixtures, and drop ceilings

German Cockroach (Blattella Germanica)

  • Adults average ½ to 5/8 inches in length
  • Nymphs average 1/16 /1/2 inch long
  • Tan to light brown; two longitudinal stripes on the pronotum
  • Females are larger then males and may have an egg case protruding from the end of their abdomen
  • Egg cases contain 30 to 40 young; each egg develops into an adult within 50 days

Oriental Cockroach (Blatta orientalis)

  • Adults to grow up to 1 inch in length
  • Distinctively shiny and black
  • Males wings take up 2/3 the length of the abdomen; female wings take up ¼ the length of the abdomen
  • Does not fly and has difficulty climbing smooth surfaces
  • Susceptible to dehydration; seeks moist areas in which to hide
  • Usually found in basements, crawl spaces and the lower floors of an account
  • In southern climates, may be found outdoors hiding in leaf litter, beleath logs, and mulch

Smokybrown Cockroach (periplaneta Fuliginosa)

  • Adults range from 1 ¼ to 1 ½ inches in length
  • Easily recognized by it’s uniform mahogany brown color
  • Found outdoors in the south
  • Hides in mulch, leaf litter, ground cover, woodpiles and tree bark for protection against dessication
  • Often found dead indoors likely due to dehydration
  • Typically enters a structure through the attic and open spaces
  • Both Males and females can fly

 

Termites

King and Queen
At least one king and Queen are at the center of every termite colony. The queen’s sole purpose is to reproduce. Some live for as long as 30 years.

Eggs
Queens can lay thousands of eggs every year. Eggs hatch into Nymphs
Nymphs
Nymphs diverge into different castes: workers, soldiers, reproductives, and supplementary reproductives.
Workers
These blind, wingless termites make up the largest caste and are the most likely to be found in infested wood. They build, repair, forage for food and care for other termites
Soldiers
Soldiers are sterile, wingless and blind. Their sole function is to defend the colony
Winged Reproductives
These Termites eventually leave the colony and swarm to a new location, where they shed their wings and pair up to start new colonies.
Those “Ants” might be Termites.
Winged termites are often mistaken for ants. Here’s now to tell them apart: ant wings are different sizes: termite wings are all the same size. Ants have elbowed antennae; termites have short, straight, beaded antennae. Don’t be fooled by color or Size; ants can vary in Size, and winged termites can be brown or black.

 

other pests

Carpenter Ant, Camoonotus sdd
Carpenter ants are among the largest ants found in the United States, ranging from ¼ to ½ inch long. The queens are slightly larger and the workers of an established colony vary in size. They are commonly black, but some species are red and black, solid red or brown in color. They have one node in the petole and a circle of tiny hairs on the tip of the abdomen. Their thorax is evenly rounded when seen from the side. Carpenter ants are social insects that usually nest in wood. They commonly excavate galleries or tunnels in rotting or sound trees and in structures, readily infest wood, foam insulation and cavities. They prefer to excavate wood damaged by fungus and are often found in conjunction with moisture problems. Carpenter ants feed on sugar solutions from honeydew-producing insects such as aphids, sweets and the juices of insects they capture. They do not eat the wood as they excavate their nests. They actively feed at night well after sunset continuing through the early morning hours. Foraging trails may extend up to 300 feet and, upon close inspection, can be seen on the ground as narrow worn paths. Signs of carpenter ant infestations include wood shavings and foam insulation around the nest site, structural moisture problems and rustling sounds in wall voids.

Bed Bug, Cimex lectularius Linnaeus
Adult bed bugs are 3/15-inch long and rusty-red or mahogany in color. It is flat and thin when unfed but becomes more elongate, plump and red when full of blood. Four-segmented antennae are attached to the head between the prominent compound eyes. The three-segmented beak, or proboscis, is located beneath the head and passes back between the font legs. The bed bug is incapable of flight. As the female bed bug lays her eggs, she uses clear substances to attach them in cracks and on rough surfaces. Under ideal conditions, eggs hatch in about seven days and the nymphs molt five times, taking a blood meal between each molt. Development time from egg to adult is 21 days. The adult can live for almost one year. The bed bug hides in cracks and crevices during the day, preferring to rest on wood and paper surfaces instead of stone and plaster. It leaves these harborage areas at night to feed on it’s host, which include humans, birds and family pets. The blood meal requires three to 10 minutes and usually goes unnoticed by the victim. After feeding, the bite site may become inflamed and itch severely in sensitive people.

Powderpost Beetle

There are several species in the family lyctidae that infest seasoned hardwoods. Adult lyctid beetles range in size from 1/32 to ¼-inch long. They are red-brown or black in color and their prominent head is easily seen from above. The last two segments of their 11-segmented antennae are expanded into a club. The larvae are tinc ‘C” shaped grub- like larvae found feeding in tunnels in the wood. They are usually less then ½ inch long with an elongated first body segment (prothorax) and eight spiracles (breathing holes) in the abdomen. Adult females lay 15 to 50 eggs soon after mating deep within the pores of hardwoods. Larvae feed on the wood for two to nine months, then they migrate to near the wood surface and pupate. When development is complete, the adult emerges through a round hole approximately 1/32 to 1/15 inch in diameter, in the surface of the wood. Development (egg to adult) usually requires nine to 12 months, but it can be as long as two to four years or in the south as short as three to four months. Lyctid powderpost beetlesinfest the sapwood of seasoned hardwoods including Oak, hickory, ash, mahogany and bamboo.

Earwig
Adult earwigs are ¼ to 1-inch long, dark brown to black in color, with a red head and pale yellow-brown legs. The body is long and flattened. Earwigs usually have two pairs of Wings, the hind wings being fully developed and folded beneath the short, leathery front wings. The Thread- like antennae is half as long as the body. The most notable physical characteristic of this insect are its pincer-link appendages at the end of the abdomen, the forceps. The female lays several batches of approximately 50 eggs in a nest-like shallow depression beneath a board or stone. The nymphs look much like the adults and molt four or five times before becoming adults, which takes about 56 days. They are active at night, hiding during the day under stones and other objects. Earwigs are outdoor insects that become household pests when they invade structures, usually in the fall or at night when temperatures cool. Indoors, they are usually found in cracks and crevices under furniture and carpeting. They produce a foul odor when crushed, providing yet another reason for their household pest status.

Yellow sac Spider

The body of the female sac spider is approximately 1/11 to 1/9-inch long and pale yellow in color. Males are smaller than females 1/8 to 5/16-inch long. Sac spiders lay their eggs in a loose mass covered with a thin white silk sac. Eggs often are laid in indoor retreats and are guarded by the female. However, eggs can be found outside in rolled leaves. Females produce several egg masses during their lifetime, each containing 30 to 48 eggs. Sac spiders are of medical importance because, as a group, they are more responsible than any other species for spider bites in the United States, but bites often go unreported because the spider goes unseen or the bite is not felt. Sac spiders are commonly found indoors. Their numbers increase significantly in the fall when the weather turns cool and their food supply disappears. They enter structures through faulty screens, cracks around doors and windows and gaps around pipes, wires and vents in exterior walls. They build silk retreats in upper corners and the joints between walls and ceilings, indoors and remain in them during the day. Outdoors they are found among rocks and wood piles, under decks and benches, around windows and door frames, roof eaves, soffits, behind shutters and in protected ares

Paper wasp, Polistes Spp
Social Wasps, Including Polistes Spp., feature the typical “wasp” body type – A very distinct head with cheeping mouthparts, short-elbowed antennae, and large compound eyes. The thorax and abdomen are brightly marked with yellow, red, or brown on a black background. The wasps have four clear, smoky brown wings. The Abdomen is spindle-shaped and tipped with a long stinger. Paper wasps can be distinguished from yellow jackets and hornets because their abdomen is tapered at the tip and at the point where it joins the thorax. Social wasps have large nests containing three types of individuals, or castes; queens, workers and males. The males and queens are produced in the colony in late summer. They mate and the fertilized queen overwinters in a protected site. In spring, she seeks an appropriate nesting site in which she builds a paper nest using chewed up wood fibers. Eggs are laid in the cells of the nest, and the young larvae are fed bits of chewed up meat or insect parts by the queen and later by the workers. Paper wasps build open, flat nests without a paper envelope, usually found under the eaves of a house and in other protected locations. Social wasps use their nests only one season.

 

 

DOMESTIC RODENTS

 
Name Norway Rat (Rattus Norvegicus) Roof Rat (rattus rattus Alexandrinus) House Mouse (mus Musculus)
Average Weight 10-17 Ounces 6 -12 Ounces 1/2 -3/4 Ounce
Body Heavy, Broad, 7' - 10' long, blunt head Slender Body 6.5' - 8' long pointed muzzle Average Body 2.5" -3.5" long
Tail 6' - 8.5' long lighter color on underside 7.5" -10" long. Uniform color, top and bottom 3' -4"
Ears average, close to body Large, Prominent Large, Prominent
Color Brown to black on back and sides, gray to yellow-white on belly Tawny back gayish-white underparts Dusky Gray on Back, Lighter Gray on belly
Food Preferences Meats ,Fish, Flour, fruits, vegetables, Eats most any human food. Seeds, fruits, vegetables, grain, eggs, etc Meats, grains, cereals, seeds, fruits, vegetables. Eats most any type human food
Food Consumed Per Day 3/4 - 1OZ. Food 1/2-1 oz water. 1/2 -1OZ. Food Up to 1 oz. water. 1/10 OZ. food 1/20 Oz. Water
# young in litter 6-18 # young in litter 6-14 # young in litter: 6
Dropping Per Day 30-180 30-180 50
# litters per year 3-7 # litters per year 3-7 # litters per year 8
Urine Per Day 15.7 CC 15.7 CC 1.75 cc
Length adult Life 18 mos. Length adult Life 18 mos. Length adult life 15-18 Mos.
Habits Usually nests in basements & lower portions of buildings. Burrows in soil extensively. Active primarily at night. Fail climber, good swimmer Usually enters and nests in upper portions of buildings. May nest outside in trees (esp. Palms) ivy, et. Burrows Very littl, Excellent climber, Active at night May nest in any portion of a building of a building near food. Has an average range of 50 Ft. from nest. Active mostly at night. Nibbles small amounts of food frequently, rather then having large meals.